Long pepper (aka Java pepper, bi bo, thippili, pippali, tieu lop) was the first pepper widely used in Europe. Its popularity waned with the discovery of black peppercorns,
and it is now considered an exotic, unusual spice. It is still found in
some Indian pickle recipes and the cuisines of Malaysia and Indonesia.
Though it smells more mild and sweet than black peppercorns, long pepper is actually hotter, with a hint of sweetness.
Long pepper also has a long history of use as a medicinal spice in
the Ayurvedic tradition (often in tandem with ginger), where it is
commonly associated with longevity.